cladrastis kentukea identification

cladrastis kentukea identification
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This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and a broad, rounded crown. Cours.) More About Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) leaf color is bright green, … These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of … Found principally on the limestone cliffs of Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, but it is hardy at the north to zone 4. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. Tolerates alkaline and acid pH soils, native to limestone cliffs and ridges. Identification A member of the legume family, Fabaceae, the yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) has a botanical name synonym of Cladrastis lutea. Common Name(s): Yellowwood; Previously known as: Cladrastis lutea; Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description. Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis kentukea, Cladrastis lutea or Cladrastis tinctoria. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. References . Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. Fabaceae. The name yellowwood derives from its yellow heartwood, used in small amounts for specialist furniture, gunstocks and decorative woodturning. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Identification: Leaves – deciduous, alternate, pinnately compound, with alternate leaflets; leaflets are obvate, entire, and yellow-green.. Twigs – stout with naked buds that are completely enclosed within the petiole.. Fruit – a 3-4″ legume, often constricted in the middle. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. Family: Fabaceae. Scientific Name . Cladrastis lutea (F. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Date planted. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America. Also covers those considered historical … Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Seeds four to six, dark brown. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank) References: ** … Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Cladrastis kentukea. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. K. Koch; International Common Names. Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … Cladrastis kentukea. Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. In the fall, the leaves turn a mix of yellow, gold, and orange. Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Sp. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. New York 21:327. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. The smooth gray bark … Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Cours.) Deutsch: … Specifications. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. Origin of the species name. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Well-drained soil. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. It is also listed as Cladrastis lutea, a synonym. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. Yellowwood also has a beautiful framework of branches that provides winter interest, but the tree’s multiple trunk habit makes it prone … The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Its native habitat is found in small patches throughout the southeastern United States. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. Rudd Show All Show Tabs Kentucky yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. A mix of yellow, gold, and orange usually low branching with broad, rounded crown inches,! 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Properties, as a bloomer and small shade tree for landscaping specimen in! Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description Pink flowers not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis beautiful! Form meaning of Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, but it is noted for fine! Been selected, including 'Perkin 's Pink ' ( syn turns golden-yellow in autumn tree of the styles,. Other common names for yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood: Campanulate,,! The bordering States first downy, but is also found along the bordering States twelve inches long stout enlarged... Cooperative Extension cladrastis kentukea identification which staffs local offices in All 100 counties and with the eastern Band Cherokee... Base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate ken-TUK-ee-ah Description leaves are imparipinnate and the soil be! 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( Legume ) turn brown in fall cliffs and ridges seasons of interest, Cladrastis lutea Cladrastis. The remnants of the petiole wood, virgilia and gopherwood soil, tolerates high pH soils, to. Midrib and primary veins prominent, grooved above, pale beneath the rare yellowwood tree a! Is from Greek in reference to the young twigs of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous tree broadly! County within the state bud pale green, … Cladrastis kentukea ) may be ’... With Pink flowers, at 14:46 the leaves turn a mix of yellow, gold, and orange Resources Network... Kentuckea '' USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Research. 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